Global Information about Wave Models in the Magnetosphere

List of institutes and researchers who are analysing or have analysed
electromagnetic ELF and/or VLF waves data to produce
statistical and empirical models for the spatial and frequency
distributions of these waves in the magnetosphere.

Spacecraft Researcher - Institute Main Results of the Study Reference
CRRES N. P. Meredith (MSSL)
R. B. Horne (NERC)
R. M. Thorne (ATMOS)
D. Summers (MATH-MUN)
R. R. Anderson (DPA-UI)
Variability of plasmaspheric hiss (0.1 < f < 2kHz) with respect to spatial location and to substorm activity measured by AE*, defined as the maximum value of the AE index in the previous 3 hours. J. Geophys. Res.,
109, A06209, doi:10.1029/2004JA010387, 2004
CRRES N. P. Meredith (MSSL)
R. B. Horne (NERC)
R. M. Thorne (ATMOS)
R. R. Anderson (DPA-UI)
Global maps of the lower-band chorus magnetic field wave intensities observed by CRRES and the important ratio fpe/fce as a function of L, MLT and magnetic activity and also as a function of x, GSM z, and MLT region for active conditions (AE > 300 nT). Geophys. Res. Lett.,
30, 16, SSC 7, 1871, doi:10.1029/2003GL017698, 2003
Viking F. Darrouzet (BIRA-IASB)
J. Lemaire (BIRA-IASB)
W. Spjeldvik (WSU)
G. Gustafsson (IRF-U)
Data-based model of the electromagnetic power spectral density in the VLF band (10-46 kHz) as surveyed onboard the Swedish Viking spacecraft in the high-latitude region in the northern hemisphere. Adv. Space Res.,
323-328, 2003
Dynamics Explorer 1 R. André (LPCE)
F. Lefeuvre (LPCE)
F. Simonet (CEA)
Model of the average spectrum amplitude of waves in the 1Hz-500kHz frequency band, as a function of the spatial position and the magnetic activity with magnetic field data. Ann. Geophysicae, 20,
981-996, 2002
CRRES B. J. Fraser (CRCSS)
T. S. Nguyen (CRCSS)
The occurrence of electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves over L = 3.5-8 by the CRRES spacecraft in the equatorial middle magnetosphere as a function of MLT and MLat. J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 63,
1225-1247, 2001
EXOS-D Y. Kasahara (GSEC-UK)
T. Hosoda (GSEC-UK)
T. Mukai (ISAS)
S. Watanabe (ISAS)
I. Kimura (RASC)
H. Kojima (RASC)
R. Niitsu (GSEC-UK)
A Kp-dependent statistical study on the spatial and temporal distribution of the conituous broadband noise measured by EXOS-D (Akebono) as a function of MLT and invariant latitude. J. Geophys. Res., 106,
21123-21136, 2001
CRRES N. P. Meredith (MSSL)
R. B. Horne (NERC)
R. R. Anderson (DPA-UI)
The spatial dependence of whistler-mode chorus amplitudes as a function of substorm activity (as measured by AE) using data from the Plasma Wave Experiment on board the CRRES spacecraft. J. Geophys. Res., 106,
13165-13178, 2001
Dynamics Explorer 1 R. E. Erlandson (APL)
A. J. Ukhorskiy (APL)
The occurrence of low-L (3.5 < L < 5) electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves during magnetic storms between 1981 and 1991. J. Geophys. Res., 106,
3883-3895, 2001
G. S. Lakhina (IIGM)
B. T. Tsurutani (JPL)
H. Kojima (RASC)
H. Matsumoto (RASC)
The main characteristics and the possible generation mechanisms of the broadband plasma waves (with frequency of > 1 Hz) observed in different boundary layers (magnetopause, plasma sheet and polar cap) are described. J. Geophys. Res., 105,
27791-27831, 2000
CRRES N. P. Meredith (MSSL)
R. B. Horne (NERC)
A. D. Johnstone (MSSL)
R. R. Anderson (DPA-UI)
The electron cyclotron harmonic wave amplitudes are observed in 2 regions (region 3.8 < L < 6 with 22 < MLT < 02 and region 6 < L < 7 with 02 < MLT < 06) and are enhanced during substorm particle injections. J. Geophys. Res., 105,
12907-12917, 2000
Geotail Y. Zhang (RASC)
H. Matsumoto (RASC)
H. Kojima (RASC)
The whistler mode waves in the magnetotail have an average frequency of 0.21 times the electron cyclotron frequency, and they propagate predominantly in a direction parallel or antiparallel to the ambient magnetic field. J. Geophys. Res., 104,
28633-28644, 1999
Hawkeye 1 J. L. Green (NASA-GSFC)
S. A. Boardsen (NASA-GSFC)
The nonthermal continuum radiation (5-110 kHz) are primarily confined to low latitudes and infrequently observed over the high-altitude polar cap. J. Geophys. Res., 104,
Freja R. E. Erlandson (APL)
L. J. Zanetti (APL)
The number of auroral electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves (5-250 Hz) peaked in the premidnight sector (18-01 MLT) at auroral latitudes (68° - 72° invariant latitude). J. Geophys. Res., 103,
4627-4636, 1998
Aureol 3 M. Parrot (LPCE) ELF hiss is maximum between 6 and 20 MLT and in the invariant latitude range 50° - 70°, but are intensified in region of man-made waves (VLF transmitters and South Atlantic Anomaly). Ann. Geophyicae, 8,
135-146, 1990
H. Saito (NIPR)
T. Yoshino (NIPR)
N. Sato (NIPR)
Narrow-banded ELF emissions (100-500 Hz) mostly occured in the evening 17-24 MLT sector and in the region of 65° - 75° invariant latitude. Planet. Spa. Sci., 35,
745-752, 1987
OGO 5 B. T. Tsurutani (JPL)
E. J. Smith (JPL)
ELF chorus (10-1500 Hz) occurs principally near the equator (06-12 MLT) and at magnitude latitudes above 15° (08-16 MLT). J. Geophys. Res., 82,
5112-5128, 1977
Ariel 3 A. R. W. Hughes (NU)
T. R. Kaiser (deceased) and K. Bullough (deceased)
VLF radio emissions (at 3.2 and 9.6 kHz) occur at all magnetic local times but are most frequently observed at midnight and in the early afternoon. Space Research, XI,
1323-1330, Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 1971

More information and details about all these references: click here.

Some sample plots obtained from these studies: click here.

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